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Tallest Waterfall in Indonesia

 ( Not Rated ) , by BeED Author   -  Geography Upper Secondary (IGCSE)

  1.5 hour(s)
   15   0   3
  Thursday, August 3, 2017
   Not Required
  31.15 MB

Course Info

About this Place Of Interest

Sipisopiso, which literally means "like a knife", is the name of the tallest waterfall in Indonesia. Located in Tonggiang village in Tanah Karo regency, the long and narrow waterfall can be reached 45 minutes from Berastagi. Sipisopiso is formed from a small underground river of the Karo Plateau and flows out of a cave within the Toba caldera. The waterfall drops 120 meters into a gorge below. Nearby is Lake Toba, a natural lake that occupies the caldera of an ancient supervolcano, the Toba. The lake, dubbed the Monaco of Asia, is said to be the largest volcanic lake in the world and covers over 1,707 sq km. Right in the centre of the lake is a wedge-shaped island known as Samosir Island. Lake Toba formed after a huge volcanic eruption some 75,000 years ago. The eruption was said to be one of the most violent in geological history [1].

About this Learning Experience

In this Learning Experience, you will learn why a traditional community switched their focus from agriculture to aquaculture. You will also learn the connection between a river and a waterfall. This Learning Experience is suitable for learners Year 4 and above. Note: The reflection phase will take place under Point B.

Syllabus Content

  • Upper Secondary
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the work of a river in eroding, transporting and depositing.
  • Explain the processes which operate within rivers.

Resources Needed


Air Terjun Sipiso Piso, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Tongging, Merek, Karo Regency, North Sumatra, 22173


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